Kazakhstan

How Central is Central Asia?

By Michał Romanowski

As illustrated by recent events in Ukraine, the post-Soviet space is still undergoing significant economic and political transformations. After the Soviet Union collapsed, the world welcomed 15 new sovereign states. Each of them chose a different path, some of which led to democracy and others that went astray.

Caspian Route of Kazakhstani Oil

The idea of Transcaspian oil pipeline Aktau-Baku construction occurred in the mid of 90-s of the past century and Is directly connected with promotion of the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan project. The initiators of the project considered that connection to Kazakhstani oil would allow the maximum load for exporting oil pipeline and enhance the involvement of Kazakhstan into Caspian hydrocarbons transportation. Initially the plans suggested finalization of the pipeline construction by 2003-2004.