By M. Byrne

The Black Sea is becoming a new point of tension in Europe.


President of Ukraine supported the idea of ​​creating a common maritime connections of the ships of Germany, Italy, Turkey, the United States and other NATO countries. He is ready to throw in the compounds of the alliance Ukrainian ships. Goal is strengthening the presence of NATO and strengthening security in the Black Sea. Ukraine is ready to join this initiative. Poroshenko added that Kiev and Bucharest are paying special attention to security in the Black Sea region as a "conditions of continuing aggression by Russia."


That Romania has initiated proposals: May 12 at the local base Deveselu officially launched US missile defense complex Aegis Ashore worth $ 800 million at a ceremony attended by Prime Minister of Romania's Dacian Ciolos, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg and First Deputy Minister of Defence of the USA Robert Wark.


In response, Russian President Vladimir Putin said that today will have to perform certain actions that will ensure the security of Russia.


According to the report of the Military Balance 2016 of the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS), the total number of Romanian Navy is 6.6 thousand. Man. Two Romanian bases in Constanta and Mangalia deployed three frigates, four corvettes, six missile boats and ten mine ships.


According to the IISS, in the Ukrainian Navy service are 6 thousand. Soldiers. The fleet of the country has a naval base in Odessa, where she moved after joining Russian Crimea, and two home points - in Nikolaev and Ochakov. The flagship of the Navy of Ukraine - the frigate "Hetman Sahaidachny" has on board two anti-aircraft missile complex "Osa-MA2" and 24 rocket mortars RBU-6000.


Romanian initiative will be supported, and the other opponents of Russia. Back in mid-May, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan called on NATO to strengthen its presence in the Black Sea. Turkey is active in Russia peak in the Caucasus, building axis with Azerbaijan and its influence on the Crimean Tatars, raising fears in Moscow.


NATO Deputy Secretary General Alexander Vershbow, also spoke in favor of the larger unit's presence in the Black Sea region.


NATO has frozen contacts with Russia after the start of the crisis in Ukraine and the events in the Crimea in April 2014: the former NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen announced the suspension of military cooperation with Moscow, and then Russian withdrew its representative.


The US is also quite clearly evince the intention of permanent presence in the Black Sea region. In mid-October 2015, the Black Sea came the flagship of the Sixth Fleet of the US Navy frigate Mount Whitney and missile destroyer Coal, this year in the port of Odessa looked USS Porter. Last September, US Vice Admiral James Foggo said that the US Navy is committed to maintaining a constant presence in the Black Sea. He also drew attention to the tense geopolitical situation due to the deterioration of Russia-West relations.


Russia, of course, such activity does not like NATO. And the spokesman for the Russian Foreign Ministry said that it could force Russia to "take adequate response to ensure their own safety."


However, Bulgaria did not support the proposal of Romania. Prime Minister Boyko Borisov said: "I do not want a war in the Black Sea. Bulgaria - a peaceful country and its foreign policy is not directed against anyone. "


According to the Montreux Convention on the status of the Black Sea straits, warships of countries not having an access to the Black Sea, should be in its waters no more than 21 days, and this also applies to the United States. However, with the creation of the united grouping these terms may actually be disrupted due to the rotation of European and American ships.


The final decision on the establishment of a regular fleet in the Black Sea can be taken at the NATO summit, which will take place in July. Romanian media reported that Bucharest will certainly make a proposal, but will be supported by the idea or not, time will tell.






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