Issue of sanctions the West against Russia goes into action: U.S. White House announced that stops receiving applications for visas from official and individuals who are responsible for "destroying the integrity of Ukraine." From Russia requires reducing military presence in Crimea to 11 thousand military units and unlocking Peninsula. Discusses options for sanctions against Russian business tools to lower world prices for oil and gas. EU froze negotiations on an agreement on strategic partnership and also imposed visa restrictions. SF in response to discussing the possibility of freezing the assets of Western companies in Russia. Unpleasant but not fatal for Russia would stall the G8 summit in Sochi Russia and anticipated elimination of the "Big Eight".
All sanctions can be broadly divided into direct and indirect. The first group includes, in particular, visa restrictions. U.S. considering expansion of the "Magnitsky list" includes not only a ban on entry, but - even more seriously - the seizure of assets. A March 6 White House decided to stop accepting applications for a visa from the Russian and Crimean representatives involved in the "destruction of the integrity of Ukraine." Earlier, on March 3, the U.S. Defense Department spokesman John Kirby said that military cooperation with Russia stops. Canceled and talks with the U.S. on a package of investment and trade agreements. Restricts cooperation with Russia and NATO (although NATO-Russia Council at the level of ambassadors and decided to keep up). The Government of Canada announced that it is taking a number of restrictive measures against Russia and former members of the Ukrainian government in connection with the crisis in Ukraine. "I declare to suspend our participation in the Russian-Canadian Intergovernmental Economic Commission, established to promote economic ties in Canada and Russia," - said in Parliament, Prime Stephen Harper.
Indirect instruments of "punishment" Russia called impact on energy markets - the most sensitive for the Russian budget and the ruling elite. John Boehner, the Republican leader in the House of Representatives of the U.S. Congress, said yesterday that Europe must be given the opportunity to buy U.S. gas: "We should not force our allies continue to depend on Putin to their energy needs." It is believed Republicans could reduce Europe's energy dependence on Russia, and allow the EU to take tougher steps against Russia. This is an accelerated construction of LNG terminals. Discussed the issue of lifting the ban on oil exports. However, on March 6 U.S. Energy Department said that business has not yet managed to justify the need for lifting the ban on oil and gas exports from the United States. According to "Kommersant", the list of possible measures - a ban on entry and seizure of bank deposits and Russian officials in the U.S., the freezing of assets of the largest state-owned companies, to develop a "mechanism limiting the export of energy resources" of the Russian Federation.
However, in the White House about the idea of sanctions more subdued than in Congress. Senate Democratic leader Harry Reid said that sanctions have to wait until the European - then they will be more effective. According to the source "Kommersant", close to the U.S. State Department, the White House is trying to convince Congress not to rush the vote on the law on sanctions. "Germany and the UK are willing to oppose the policy of Russia, but has made it clear that overly harsh sanctions will hurt their own economy - said the newspaper. - So the big question is, what losses the EU will find it acceptable. " In addition, sanctions may significantly complicate the task of the State Department in the dialogue with Russia to find a way out of the Ukrainian crisis. Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, despite the persistence of fundamental disagreement with his colleague John Kerry said last admitted that Ukraine needs to create an atmosphere of dialogue and constructive cooperation. However, on March 6 Lavrov said there is no understanding with the U.S. Ukrainian problem.
During an extraordinary meeting of EU foreign ministers in Germany, Italy, France and Spain opposed trade sanctions. A broadcaster BBC showed a secret instruction of the British government to negotiate in Brussels. It says that Britain "should not, at least for now, support the imposition of trade sanctions and closing of London's financial center for the Russian." The Council of the European Union, in turn, decided to impose sanctions on 18 people - citizens of Ukraine. All funds and economic resources belonging to persons, "establish liability in the misappropriation of public money," and those who are responsible for human rights violations, should be frozen. Previously, Great Britain, Austria, Switzerland and Liechtenstein have frozen the accounts of Ukrainian politicians. Its decisions the country explained that want to avoid any risk of misappropriation of Ukrainian state assets.
However, the EU still went on visa restrictions and freezing of negotiations with Russia on visa regime and the preparation of a new strategic partnership agreement. Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius while warned that sanctions could touch and businessmen close to Putin. According to Reuters, the prospect of sanctions against Russia Japan is very unpleasant as it may interfere with Tokyo's recent attempts to improve relations with Moscow. Japan especially needs Russian energy resources in connection with the closing of its own nuclear power plants. Japan's trade minister Tosimitsu Motegi said March 4 that changes in economic contacts with Russia was not.
In the Russian reaction to the sanctions was quite controversial. Rather sharply at first acted presidential adviser Sergei Glazyev, who was one of the main lobbyists interests of Russia in Ukraine before the revolution. He said about the possibility of Russia's withdrawal from the U.S. government debt, but immediately was upset "Kremlin source", calling it a "private opinion." Official Foreign Ministry spokesman Alexander Lukashevich said that "their unilateral sanction measures do not fit into the standards of civilized inter-state relations." "We need no effect. So, will have to answer - and do not necessarily mirror. " Finally, the chairman of the Federation Council Committee on Constitutional Legislation Klishas prepared a bill providing for the confiscation of assets of companies in the U.S. and the EU on the territory of Russia, which is also now seems incredible.
Also unpleasant for Russia in the current situation is likely stall summit G8, held in June in Sochi (Russia all seven partners have suspended preparations for it) actually raises the question of excluding Russia from this "club." The Kremlin is trying to save face, pointing at the "death" format G8, which comes to replace the G20. However, in practice, Russia will increasingly be perceived as a country that runs counter to civilization by most developed countries. However, it appears that the Russian authorities are pretty disappointed in his role in "eight" - and does not consider such a perspective as fatal for themselves.
Tool of sanctions against Russia from the West until is very limited, due to both the economic interests of specific Western countries and with the hopes of finding a compromise. When Russia joined the Crimea, the sanctions may become tougher, and if further advance Russia to the Southeast of Ukraine, Crimea beyond - to become more stringent. But even partial "discharge" of the situation (of course, it does not provide rejection of the Crimea, which would be completely unacceptable politically for the Russian authorities) Russia and the West are in different camps, and the prospect of the Cold War, the application of sanctions becomes possible.
World media monitoring