Kazakh-Kyrgyz relations to develop in the spirit of good neighborly relations and unity, President Roza Otunbayeva

Kazakh-Kyrgyz relations to develop in the spirit of good neighborly relations and unity, President Roza Otunbayeva

By Arnur Rakhymbekov

One the eve of her visit to Kazakhstan President of the Republic of Kyrgyzstan Roza Otunbayeva gave an interview to Kazinform agency.
Dear Mrs. President, could you comment on the prospects of bilateral relations between Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan?

Kazakhstan was and is the priority of Kyrgyz foreign policy. Fraternal assistance Kazakhstan has rendered to our country after the April events of 2010 is indicative of friendly relations between Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan. During the bilateral meetings within the CIS, EurAsEC and CSTO Nursultan Nazarbayev repeatedly paid attention to all our troubles and economic problems. In order to restore ruined housing in the south your country supplied us with a wide range of necessary building materials to the amount of USD 10 mln.

A thorough analysis of the country's economic situation was made on the threshold of the International Donor Conference. We worked jointly with a large group of ministers led by 1st Prime Minister Umirzak Shukeyev. At the initiative of President Nursultan Nazarbayev the 2nd donor conference will take place to raise money Kyrgyzstan desperately needs now.

It needs to say about the initiative of envoys Kazakhstan and Russian Federation attracted last summer for political monitoring and rendering comprehensive assistance. This activity complemented Kazakhstan's active presence in Kyrgyzstan at the time of crisis as the OSCE Chairman-in-Office. This high position let your country be aware of fast-changing situation in Kyrgyzstan, as well as lend strategic assistance, have influence on other players in the intricate political situation last summer-autumn.

Strengthening and expansion of trade and economic ties with Kazakhstan is of vital importance for us. The major part of the medium business is oriented at Kazakhstan market. Unfortunately there is set of unsolved problems concerning functioning of checkpoints on the state border, activity of our entrepreneurs, working migrants. We understand many of the problems aroused are related to Kazakhstan's obligations within the Customs Union, however, the consequences of the Customs Union's foundation ambiguously extended to us.

I hope Kazakhstan in concurrence with the Customs Union member states and taking into account our allied relations will in a differentiated way approach towards Kyrgyzstan. 

Presently, there are a lot of topical issues that need a complex approach. The 2010 events in Kyrgyzstan caused stagnation in the work of institutional bodies of Kyrgyz-Kazakh cooperation based on the Treaty of Allied Relations. In this context Kyrgyzstan pays much attention to reopening of the Supreme Interstate Council as well as Intergovernmental Council between Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan for coordination of the development of trade-economic cooperation in all spheres of interaction. Thus the 2nd sitting of the Intergovernmental Council planned for the first quarter of 2011 in Bishkek gives us a good opportunity to discuss a wide array of topics regarding our bilateral relations and regional integration.
After the change of government in April last year, some politicians of Kyrgyzstan have begun to speak for the review of the ratified international treaties between Kyrgyzstan and its closest neighbors. What do you think about it?

Kyrgyzstan has always adhered to the norms of international law and its commitments in relations with all partner countries.

After the April events Kyrgyz Interim Government adopted a decree on protection of investments, thus confirming that the Interim Government will strictly ensure fulfillment of the obligations taken by the Kyrgyz Republic earlier.

I believe the best answer to your question will be a reference to the current Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic. According to it, those international treaties, in which Kyrgyzstan is involved and which entered into force in accordance with the procedure established by the law, as well as the generally recognized principles and norms of international law are an integral part of the legal system of the Kyrgyz Republic.

Last year Kazakhstan chaired the OSCE. The chairmanship resulted in the Astana Summit that you attended...

Kyrgyzstan highly appraises the initiative and role of Kazakhstan, successful holding of the OSCE Summit after the 11-year break.

Kazakhstan did a lot to organize this large-scale event. Kazakhstan brilliantly performed its duties as OSCE Chair. At the same time I would like to note that Kazakhstan took over the chairmanship of the OSCE in a very difficult period of time when the world was still in financial crisis and suffered problems of terrorism, humanitarian and environmental disasters, poverty, epidemics, reduction of energy resources and others.
What is your opinion of the diplomatic efforts of Astana on settling the difficult political situation in Kyrgyzstan in 2010?

I would like to express my gratitude to Kazakhstan, primarily, to Nursultan Nazarbayev, Kazakhstan's people for their moral and material support, rapid humanitarian and technical assistance to Kyrgyzstan in those crisis days. Efforts and initiatives of your country, our other allies and a number of international organizations in the difficult period for us were not in vain. Now we are optimistic about the future.

I take this opportunity to wish the brotherly people of Kazakhstan prosperity, happiness and great success in all endeavors.
Thank you for the interview.

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