The international criminal case

The international criminal case

By Alina Kantor

Today the former head of Kazakhstan's BTA Bank, Mukhtar Ablyazov, appears on the list of the biggest financial scammers of the 21st century. However, he denies that he stole more than $ 7.5 billion from the bank. He claims that the international criminal case brought against him by the courts of the three CIS countries and several European countries is political pressure. But it is not ruled out that soon a "political affair" will really be launched for him - for organizing extremist activities and financing terrorism in different countries.

The main slogan advocated by Mukhtar Ablyazov today is the struggle for human rights in Kazakhstan. The French State Council in December 2016 abolished the decree to extradite M.Ablyazov to Russia because of fears that Moscow would extradite him to Kazakhstan. And there, according to Europe, he will be judged for "opposing the authorities".

In the criminal case, which is now heard in the court of Astana without the presence of the main accused, there is not a word about the political component of the criminal activities of the oligarch. But in vain. Because he really is a "big politician". Only the underground. And he worked for "democracy" not in Kazakhstan, but in neighboring states.

Bishkek suffered the first from Mukhtar Ablyazov. Kyrgyzstan is probably the country most affected by the political ambitions of the former Kazakhstani banker.

After being released in December 2016, the oligarch confessed that in 2005 he financed the revolution in Kyrgyzstan. "In the period from 2003 to 2005, I lived in Moscow. In early 2005, I financed the opposition in Kyrgyzstan to help the regime fall there. For me, it was important that at least one of the post-Soviet republics started a democratic process, and they carried out the right reforms, "M.Ablyazov said.

But forgot to say that his financial interference in the internal affairs of a foreign state for him turned into hundreds of victims and a ruined economy as a result of unrest in the country. The period of actual powerlessness, which lasted almost six months, was accompanied by marauding and rampant crime. From the country, large investors fled almost simultaneously. As a result, the largest project for Kyrgyzstan - the construction of two large hydroelectric power plants on the Naryn River and the creation of aluminum production - has been pushed back for almost 10 years.

This fluent oligarch seemed not enough. His traces can also be seen in the riots that were in Kyrgyzstan in 2010. He financed inter-ethnic clashes in the south of the republic, when in just two days about half a million ethnic Uzbeks became refugees. It was from M. Ablyazov were the cash flows for those who urged the Kyrgyz to kill their neighbors of a different nationality. The oligarch became the main financial donor for the political opposition. He transferred tens of thousands of US dollars to bribe rally participants against then-President Kurmanbek Bakiyev. Moreover, his money was bought weapons for those who stormed the presidential palace and the government building.

The economy of Kyrgyzstan has again suffered a huge blow from which the country cannot recover until now.

The financial trace of M. Ablyazov can also be seen in the unrest that occurred in the Issyk-Kul valley of Kyrgyzstan in 2013. Then, almost for the whole season, businessmen of the country's pearl tourism - Issyk-Kul Lake were left without money - tourists simply did not come.

Today, experts who deal with the issues of Central Asia do not rule out the possible participation of Mukhtar Ablyazov and in the events in 2005 in Uzbekistan in the Fergana Valley. Then a large group of extremists attacked the military town of Andijan and captured many small arms. The rally of thousands of protesters at that time also called for the overthrow of President Islam Karimov, which as a result led to clashes with authorities and victims among civilians.

The "political" trail of Ablyazov is also traced in Russia. Last year, the Moscow court sentenced Alexander Potkin (Belova), a famous nationalist, former leader of the movement against illegal immigration (DPNI), one of the leaders of the banned nationalist movement "Russians" to 7.5 years imprisonment. Potkin was an accomplice of Mukhtar Ablyazov and helped him launder money from depositors of BTA Bank. And at the same time he publicly called for extremist activity and propagated among the Russians hatred towards the Kazakhs.

M.Ablyazov were also financed Russian skinheads. For example, the activity of Dmitriy Demushkin, a well-known Russian nationalist recently convicted for 2.5 years. He is the head of the supreme national council of the Russian Union, the chairman of the organizing committee of the Nationalist Party, the chairman of the now-banned Slavic Union and Slavic Power organizations for extremism. The organizer of Russian marches, an active participant in protest actions and rallies.

It seems that Mukhtar Ablyazov may be related to the destabilization of the internal political situation and even to human casualties on the territory of several CIS countries. Therefore, his fear of being issued "for political views" becomes fully justified.

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