August 2016

Pipe Dreams: Russia at the Gas Flows’ Crossroads

By Igbal Guliyev

Geopolitical processes in today’s world increased the strategic significance the Black Sea region has for Russia, and also buttressed the ambitions of Turkey and Bulgaria. The latest geoeconomic and political factors prompt the revival of negotiations on the previously frozen pipeline projects designed to export Russian gas to Europe. Let’s note that the South Stream and the Turkish stream had been frozen due to the cooling in Russia’s relations with Bulgaria and Turkey respectively.



By Arthur Dunn

Uzbekistan put into operation the electrified railway line Angren-Pap, which, after passing through a tunnel in the mountains, will connect the center of the Ferghana Valley. Previously, to get from one part of the country to another, I had to drive through Tajikistan, which is often accompanied by problems. In addition, the new road will be an important link in the international transit corridor China - Central Asia - Europe.