TRANSATLANTIC PARTNERSHIP IN POST-SOVIET SPACE

Washington is interested  in activation the EU policy in the post-Soviet space. This approach is dictated primarily by pragmatic considerations, as determined by an overstraining of the United States, and the geographical proximity of the EU to the countries of the CIS. It allows Washington to more closely monitor and implement the transatlantic paradigm in the context of its policy towards the countries of the CIS. It seems that Washington will develop a "road map" designed to promote the gradual policy in the desired region of the former Soviet Union, which will be implemented by Brussels.

 

Currently, the United States and the EU has already begun to develop a joint plan and set goals for the short and long-term prospects as on bilateral issues as well as on the global and regional levels. The ultimate goal of the Transatlantic Partnership is to achieve highly effective cooperation between the United States and the EU through enhanced coordination of joint actions in the framework of the reform of the European security architecture based on the principles of the OSCE, as well as meeting the objectives of NATO.

 

Today, the position of Washington and Brussels by Ukrainian crisis converge. The United States intends more than ever to act jointly with the EU in the context of the Transatlantic Partnership. Washington is seeking to strengthen its policy in relation to post-Soviet states with a view to their integration into the Western community by strengthening NATO component, which will run in parallel with the provision of direct support to them in the field of military, civil and social reforms.

 

At the NATO summit held in Wales on September 4-5, 2014, has approved a package of "enhanced cooperation" with Georgia. This includes delegation to Georgia mission to study the defense needs and assist in the reform of the defense and security. Enhanced cooperation with Georgia aimed at strengthening the defense of this country. It should provide a much closer relationship with the Alliance. This should help it to achieve significant progress in preparing for NATO membership. This makes the prospect of Georgia's membership in NATO more realistic.

 

According to the head of the Georgian Defense Minister Irakli Alasania, "the issue of Georgia's membership in NATO depends on how quickly will implementation of the basic provisions of the package of measures for the approximation of the country with the alliance." Tbilisi intends to continue the modernization of the army to NATO standards and to participate in international peacekeeping operations.

 

Thus, the NATO summit in Wales showed an increased interest in Washington on the issue of NATO enlargement due to the possible inclusion of some post-Soviet countries, and above all, Georgia. According to Minister of Defense Chuck Hagel, a new status of Georgia as a NATO partner with enhanced capabilities is a new milestone for its entry into the alliance. And the United States is required to continue to deepen military cooperation with Georgia. Especially against the background of Russia's aggression in the Ukraine.

 

As for the other two Transcaucasian countries - Armenia and Azerbaijan, it is now the problem of Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, which is very important for them. She was again in sight of Washington - one of the participants in the OSCE Minsk Group, in addition to Russia and France lead the peaceful resolution of the conflict.

 

Within the framework of the NATO summit in Wales met Secretary of State John Kerry with the presidents of Armenia and Azerbaijan, which confirms the interest of the United States in the near future settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. Washington has its own plan for the settlement of this conflict. Clear Washington's desire to take a special role in the process of peaceful settlement. In the case of finding a compromise, the peace process in Nagorno-Karabakh may get an additional boost.

 

In the meantime, the declaration adopted in September 2014 at the summit in Wales, remains unchanged and confirms the continued support of the territorial integrity of the West Caucasus countries. As well as Moldova. USA's intention to strengthen its policy in relation to post-Soviet states by strengthening NATO component also confirmed the introduction of a bill in Congress: "An act to promote the safety of Ukraine 2014". It provides as helping to ensure security of Ukraine, and the provision of Kiev NATO ally status without joining the alliance. In the case of the adoption of this bill is not limited to the United States one Ukraine. After her follow Moldova and Georgia to the same NATO ally status.

 

Within the framework of the Transatlantic Partnership, the EU, in its desire to extend the "zone of influence" in the post-Soviet countries, is also trying to update and improve its own European package for the Eastern Partnership. Former Eastern policy is subject to revision.

 

To achieve this goal the EU has developed a roadmap (A democracy roadmap from Vilnius to Riga), aimed at enhancing co-operation with the countries of "Eastern Partnership" and designed to determine the prospects of these countries after the Vilnius summit in 2013 up to the next EU summit to be held in Riga in the first half of 2015 in the project document are not talking about the possibility of membership of these countries in the European Union, however, noted that the European package should be such a project, which can offer these countries a lot more features than the Association Agreement with the EU. It contains provisions on the facilitation of the visa regime, exchange of students, as well as greater involvement of "Eastern Partnership" program to the public. This project contains the intention of Brussels and to "strengthen the EU's role in the resolution of protracted conflicts: to transform the implementation of the Association Agreement in the mechanism is able to provide post-Soviet states with territorial issues - in this context, Georgia and Azerbaijan - the opportunity to strengthen ties with the separatist territories and strongly boost the mutual contacts. "

 

As for Armenia, the European package offers her "raise the status of the Agreement on Partnership and Cooperation Agreement, which regulates relations between Brussels and Yerevan in the present time." However, today's reality is that in the framework of the Trans-Atlantic partnership with the United States of the EU will be able to act in the field of post-Soviet space to a certain limit. How Brussels and Washington are not yet able to provide them with full membership - either in the EU or NATO. Today, NATO and the EU mired in bureaucratic routine. Financial difficulties are inevitable in almost all countries of the European Union, except in Germany. But even there, there is a split of society due to the policy of sanctions against Russia. Prisutstvtuyut strong pacifist sentiments ..

 

Finally, NATO has no experience in dealing with these new risks, as alternative, hybrid war. For the alliance's new challenges and new rules of the game. The fight against these risks will require huge expenditures on the part of NATO. It becomes a priority instead of the question of membership in the alliance post-Soviet states. In addition, a uniform distribution of the financial burden requires not only an increase in defense budgets of every member of NATO, but also serious financial support from the European Union. European taxpayers are unlikely to welcome their governments for an increase in defense spending - today's Europe is difficult to adapt to the idea of the inevitability of a new Cold War.

 

However, Washington does not show proper persistence in the public debate about NATO's new strategy. West is not fully aware of all the complex problems available to post-Soviet countries. Their solution requires a huge financial cost. And a long time toward membership of these countries in NATO and the EU.

  

 

World media monitoring

 

 

29.09.2014

 

 

 
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