The current year, 2017, was declared the Year of Ecology in Russia. The goal is to draw attention to the problems existing in the environmental sphere and improve the state of the country's environmental security. A very timely step. After all, more than 40 million Russians live in dysfunctional environmental conditions, and more than 1 million - in territories where the level of pollution is characterized as dangerous. Russia ranks third in the world in terms of the level of energy extravagance and the first - in terms of the volume of absolute losses in heat networks.
One thing is clear: something must be done. And to do so, to harmonize the growing industrial development in some regions of the planet (in fact, the entire planet Earth has already become an industrial-urban planet, with the exception of the sub-Saharan region) and the ability of the biosphere to self-reproduction and stable functioning.
For Russia, this task is difficult not only in terms of technology. Thus, the majority of Russian citizens, 56%, do not accept cooperation with environmental organizations. Only 26% of Russians are ready for constructive interaction with them. In the opinion of experts, in the Russian reality, environmental organizations occupy a separate position in conditions when the population refers to them in principle indifferently and is in no hurry to cooperate.
The East of Russia, Buryatia, Baikal and many associated with them require solutions that correspond to the global level of civilizational problems in this strategically important region of Central Asia and, accordingly, the highest scientific level of their elaboration.
Recall that Lake Baikal is a unique object of UNESCO's world heritage. Today, the area of the existing water protection zone of Lake Baikal is 57.2 thousand square meters. km, in its borders there are 159 settlements with a population of about 128,4 thousand people, 167 objects of social and engineering infrastructure, within its borders there are about 540 km of roads without solid cover.
Baikal, the Baikal region has become this year a kind of center for environmental and nature conservation activities. The most important issues for Baikal are: the elimination of accumulated damage, the waste management scheme, the development of ecological tourism, the operation of specially protected natural areas, the fight against poaching, the protection and reproduction of forests.
Experts note that the anthropogenic load on the lake increases every year.
In addition to state measures to protect Lake Baikal, a socially responsible business is beginning to play an increasingly important role. Thus, in 2011, one of the world's largest producers of aluminum, RUSAL adopted a corporate Environmental Policy, which defines the basic principles of work and the main directions for the development of the environmental management system. In 2015, RUSAL initiated the creation of a partnership in Russia to preserve the climate in order to unite the efforts of Russian business to reduce the impact on the environment and prevent climate change. In addition to RUSAL, ALROSA, RUSNANO, Sberbank, Ingosstrakh, Alfa-Bank, VTB, and others entered into the Russian Partnership for Climate Conservation. In September-October, in the framework of the ecological marathon of RUSAL, the Green Wave will clean up the shores rivers - including Baikal shores.
A no less ambitious environmental project is being implemented by the leading Russian industrial group in the energy and metallurgy En + sector, whose key enterprises are located in Eastern Siberia. Since 2011, En + Group has been conducting the All-Russian Voluntary eco-marathon "360 Minutes for Lake Baikal". This year it will be held for the seventh time. In 2017, its geography has been significantly expanded. It will be attended by hundreds of eco-movements throughout the country, the eco-marathon will affect the reserves and national parks in the Irkutsk region, the Krasnoyarsk and Zabaikalye territories, the republics of Khakassia and Buryatia, the regions of the Far East, as well as the Krasnodar Territory and the Arkhangelsk region. From March to October 2017, organizers planned dozens of environmental events with the participation of about 100,000 volunteers.