In November 1983 the Soviet Union began to increase the combat readiness of its forces in Eastern Europe, including the air force forward-deployed in East Germany, in preparation to meet an expected pre-emptive strike by the United States and its allies.
In 2014 President Obama told an Estonian audience: ‘Article 5 is crystal clear: An attack on one is an attack on all. So if, in such a moment, you ever ask again, “who will come to help,” you’ll know the answer -- the NATO Alliance, including the Armed Forces of the United States of America...We’ll be here for Estonia. We will be here for Latvia. We will be here for Lithuania. You lost your independence once before. With NATO, you will never lose it again.’
Strengthening cooperation between 12 countries of the Adriatic-Baltic-Black Sea Initiative will be the focus of the Dubrovnik Forum, "Strengthening Europe: Connecting North and South“, on Thursday and Friday.
Deep divisions over relations with Moscow complicate the choice of a new head of state
Finland would like to sign off on a proposed defence cooperation agreement with the United States before Americans elect a new President, says Defence Minister Jussi Niinistö. However the minister told Reuters news agency that he believes bilateral cooperation between Finland and the US will continue regardless of who enters the White House after the November election.
Angela Merkel's visit to Tallinn comes at the time when Germany has taken more interest in Estonia. The two countries share a long history and are cooperating on EU, security and digital affairs.
Turkey’s failed coup and the ensuing repression have brought to the surface a difference in perspectives between Western elites and their western-oriented counterparts in Turkey – perhaps even a fundamental difference in mindsets. Recent years had seen voices on both sides that seemed to find common ground, sharing concerns about both Turkey’s troubled foreign relations and the growing polarization and majoritarian tendencies of its domestic politics. These developments call for a sober reevaluation of the conventional wisdom that Turkish and Western perspectives were in fact drawing closer.
At their July 2016 Summit meeting in Warsaw, NATO Heads of State and Government declared their readiness to meet security challenges originating from east and south through deterrence and defence with the appropriate mix of nuclear, conventional and missile defence capabilities. This translated into decisions to enhance the allied presence in the eastern part of Alliance territory, while affirming readiness for a meaningful dialogue with Russia. Moscow, through various declarations over recent months, has also showed interest in preserving the option of dialogue, while preparing to deploy radars on the Baltic and Black Sea coasts. The post-Summit question, however, remains what type of dialogue are NATO and Russia likely to nurture?
In close to forty years working on relations between Russia and the West – including as U.S. Ambassador to Moscow and as Deputy Secretary General of NATO – I’ve witnessed some tense times. But it’s hard to think of a period, at least since the end of the Cold War, when relations have been as strained as they are today.
Two independent sources told EurActiv.com that the US has started transferring nuclear weapons stationed in Turkey to Romania, against the background of worsening relations between Washington and Ankara.