The Line in the Sand: Finland and the Unpredictable Neighbor



The ongoing war in Ukraine and Russia’s March 2014 annexation of Crimea have changed Europe. Increased Russian military activity is also felt in the Baltic Sea area, although the heightened tension there is a political and military corollary to the conflict in Ukraine, not something emanating from the region itself. In this sense, it is a sideshow—even with the proximity to Russia’s northern capital, Saint Petersburg.

NATO’s Cyber Defense Evolution


By Pavel Karasev

At the NATO summit in Warsaw on July 8–9, 2016, particular attention was paid to the issues of the Alliance’s activity in cyberspace. NATO adopted a “Cyber Defence Pledge” which contains a development plan. What is more, NATO once again confirmed certain political aspects of its activities in this area, described in more detail in the Warsaw Summit Communiqué. In particular, cyberspace was recognized as a “domain of operations in which NATO must defend itself as effectively as it does in the air, on land and at sea.” The decision to expand cooperation with the European Union in cyber defence was reflected in the Joint Declaration signed by the President of the European Council and the Secretary General of NATO.

NATO Secretary General praises Germany’s contributions to the Alliance

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg welcomed the recent German White Paper on Security Policy and the Future of the Bundeswehr – including the German government’s commitment to participate even more in shaping international security – in an address to Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and Christian Social Union (CSU) parliamentarians in the Bundestag on Friday (2 September 2016). He outlined how NATO is responding to challenges from the east and the south of the Alliance, stressing the importance of closer cooperation between NATO and the European Union.