Kazakhstan urged the countries to begin a dialogue

By Kim Stern

The next rotating rotation of the chairmanship was held in the UN Security Council. Kazakhstan after a month at the head of the key body of the world's most important international organization gave way to Kuwait. According to the estimates of many UN members, during the month of the chairmanship, Kazakhstan has done more on this post than some members of the Security Council have been able to achieve over the years.

January 2018 will remain in history as one of the most turbulent months for international relations. At least for the last few years. In the four weeks since the beginning of the new year, there has been a slight decline in the degree of the actually ongoing war of sanctions between Russia and the United States. In Afghanistan, several of the most deadly terrorist attacks occurred in recent years. In the Middle East, another aggravation occurred - Turkey launched a full-scale military operation against the kurds in Syria. And on the Korean peninsula against the backdrop of the upcoming Olympics, the nuclear threat of the DPRK has taken on quite different, global outlines, even despite some warming of relations between Seoul and Pyongyang.

All these topics Kazakhstan, from the position of the President of the UN Security Council, did not ignore. Only on the situation in the Middle East in the Council passed four meetings. In general, the members of the Security Council met more than 20 times during the round table. And always the topics of these meetings were topical for all: from the same Middle East, which because of permanent instability became the hotbed of terrorism, which today beats all countries of the world to the danger of the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, which reached an extreme point in the conditions of the Korean crisis.

Usually not all events in the world are brought to the agenda of the UN Security Council. This happens at the discretion of the Security Council members, well, or, in fact, its Chairman. Recently, especially often the UN Security Council has become just an arena for clarifying the relationship between its individual representatives. This sometimes determined his agenda.

Kazakhstan was trying to bring to the discussion really important topics that are common to all threats and risks, which sometimes do not notice the country's bilateral exchanges. The same threat from Afghanistan. It only seems regional. For example, Afghanistan in recent years has become the world leader in the production of heroin. And drugs from this country are delivered to the black markets of various countries in Europe and America. It is known that Afghanistan over the years of the conflict has become an exporter of not only drugs, but also terrorism. As well as the Middle East. And this is also a common problem. Since 2000, the number of terrorist attacks in the world has increased 10-fold. And only in one year in 2016 militants committed attacks in 104 countries - this is more than half of the world. Unfortunately, against the background of sanctions wars, political skirmishes and arms race, Afghanistan somehow became almost invisible on the world agenda. Meanwhile, the threat there has become even more ambitious. Extorted from Iraq and Syria, IGIL fighters are looking for a new outpost in the region. And judging by the growing number of radicals in Afghanistan - they found it.

The separate issue of the Security Council was devoted to Afghanistan. And official Astana still managed to draw the attention of Security Council members to this problem. At least, judging by the fact that representatives of the UN Security Council countries visited Afghanistan for the first time since 2010. From 13 to 15 January, a delegation of ambassadors from all 15 members of the Council visited Kabul to assess the situation on the spot and draw conclusions, which, alas, are sad and require urgent measures.

And one more issue that became key during the Kazakhstan's chairmanship in the UN Security Council was the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. Again, the topic, which has already become almost everyday. Countries are being measured by nuclear arsenals and "red buttons", and the world, already accustomed to it, is quietly watching this. It seems that the nuclear threat is something ephemeral and has little connection with reality. And only those countries that have felt the consequences of using weapons of mass destruction understand that the rapidly growing nuclear threat in the world bears a real catastrophe.

But the world does not yet understand this. That same "red button" remains a symbol of the power of the country and the main argument in the dispute. And hoping to win the same power, many countries seek to acquire such weapons, to follow the example of nuclear powers, which although formally call on their colleagues to demilitarize, but they do not hurry to abandon their lethal arsenals. And who will follow the calls, if the one who calls on him does not follow?

And here, after all, it is important to understand that it's not even the amount of weapons of mass destruction in the world (and it is objectively growing), and not even in the geography of its spread. The very fact of its presence is important. And not always due protection. As the President of Kazakhstan rightly noted, when speaking at the UN Security Council, the increase in the number of countries possessing WMD creates the risk that these weapons will fall into the hands of terrorists. Real bandits, with whom it is not always possible to agree. For them, these weapons can be an opportunity to take revenge for the lost struggle with the use of conventional weapons. And then everyone will suffer. Regardless of status, availability of arsenals and militaristic beliefs.

That is, its nonproliferation today is, in fact, a matter of human survival. And this massej Kazakhstan, having taken advantage of the main tribune of the world, tried to inform this world. And it was not just an appeal, but in the best traditions of Kazakhstan's foreign policy - a detailed plan, as today, to minimize the nuclear threat. In particular, Nursultan Nazarbayev proposed to work out a really working mechanism for punishment for the acquisition and distribution of WMD, and also to complicate the withdrawal from the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of nuclear weapons, which remains somehow, but still an element of deterrence in the world.

And that these measures really work, Kazakhstan urged the countries to begin, at last, a dialogue, and not dangerous squabbles, and trust each other. Here it is, most important. Trust, which is so lacking in modern international relations. The trust that all conflicts and crises in the world could solve. A trust that would make weapons of mass destruction completely unnecessary and useless. You can be a successful and authoritative state even without it. Kazakhstan proves this every day on its own example.

The chairmanship of the UN Security Council is sometimes considered a formality. But the experience of Kazakhstan shows that the only question here is who and how is coming to the point. And judging by the fact that, although this month the meetings of the Security Council did not involve disputes and disputes, and all resolutions were unanimously adopted, Kazakhstan approached the matter very carefully and responsibly. Now it is the turn of the world community to show great responsibility for its own future.

07.03.2018

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