The threat of economic sanctions by the EU as a result of Russia's policy in the Crimea were received in the Kremlin seriously enough. After his visit to Berlin Ivan Grachev , Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Energy has expressed intentions of the United States to lift restrictions on export of liquefied natural gas to Europe and Ukraine.
According to Ivan Grachev , such a scenario is impossible today . Too large economic losses can be - no one in Europe or in the United States will not agree to go for it . According to him, due to the fact that, firstly , the supply of large volumes now simply impossible . Cheap gas today there are already in the United States . Cost and there almost comes to $ 300 per 1 thousand cubic meters. m A delivery comes , say, $ 500 and up . So it is hardly pragmatic Americans , very scrupulous and expenditures , will take the gas to be the donor of the whole industrial continent. And, when this continent for the U.S. is a major competitor in the economy. All they can do in such a situation - is to make a political gesture by sending a tanker carrying liquefied natural gas to Europe. But not over , says the Duma EnergoExpert . Meanwhile , he said , the cost of gas on the European continent only grow . Over 2013 Russian gas supplies have increased by almost 20% . Nobody but Russia is not able to meet the growing needs of today EU.
Noteworthy is that the ruling CDU party in Germany (together with CSU and SPD ) in any case is not going to give up until the Russian gas supplies. As, according to the latest estimates from the German experts, in particular chairman of one of Germany's leading oil and gas concerns Wintershall Rainer Seele , oil and gas are in demand as never before, and the International Energy Agency expects an increase in world energy consumption by more than a third by 2035 . At the same time, the situation becomes more complicated with the sources of raw materials.
In these circumstances, policymakers should focus on the public opinion and the business community . According to a survey conducted by the German agency Forsa, these events are interested in three-quarters of citizens of Germany , only 7 % believe that the parties to the conflict , Russia , the U.S. or the EU , it is really about protecting the interests of the population of Ukraine . 76 % of Germans see this pursuit of self- interests of these parties. Almost half of Germans do not believe that the situation in Ukraine folding can lead to difficulties in the supply of Russian oil and gas to Europe . It is noteworthy that 64% still consider Russia as a reliable supplier of oil and gas to Europe. While 47% of respondents believe that sanctions hurt and the EU , and particularly Germany - 44%. Apparently, therefore, almost two-thirds of respondents believe that the conflict in Ukraine may further adversely affect the situation in Europe.
Commenting on the poll , the president of the Russian- German Chamber of Commerce ( and head of the group Wintershall) Rainer Seele said that the German Chamber of Commerce and a large part of German businessmen oppose economic sanctions , believing that they are irrelevant , they can not be implemented , and they are unlikely to help . He therefore suggested that instead of escalating the conflict to seek partner solutions , because both Europe and Russia need each other.
Therefore Wellmann believes that the expansion of energy relations with Russia is right and reasonable. However, he sees partnerships between Russia , the EU and Ukraine as follows: we should speak not about the fastest commissioning of the "South Stream " or the use of an empty half of the German gas pipeline OPAL, connecting the "Nord Stream" with the German gas distribution system, and the continuation of supplies through Ukraine , and moreover - speedy modernization of its gas transportation network . Germany and the EU intend to preserve Ukraine as a transit country. It is clear that this is only possible in the case of freezing existing "Gazprom" projects gas supplies to Europe , bypassing Ukraine and as fast as possible political and economic stabilization of her . Gas transmission system ( GTS) - one of the largest in the world - has two main functions : to provide natural gas to domestic consumers , as well as the transit of natural gas through Ukraine to Western and Central Europe. GTS of Ukraine consists of 39.8 thousand km of gas pipelines from compressor stations , 13 underground gas storage facilities, gas distribution network and metering stations.
Bandwidth gas transportation system at the entrance is about 288 billion cubic meters. m, output - 178 billion cubic meters. meters of gas per year , including 142 billion cubic meters. m in the European countries. It should be noted that the design parameters are not purely theoretical , but actually confirmed. In autumn and winter periods Ukrainian gas transportation system ensured gas transit to Europe at 140 billion cubic meters. m per year. Ukrainian GTS is closely linked to systems of neighboring European countries - Russia , Belarus, Poland , Slovakia, Hungary , Romania, Moldova , through them integrated into the European gas network and , thus , is a bridge between the major gas producing regions of Russia and Central Asia, and European consumers.
In this situation, the main thing - to put gas on a solid technical and political basis . Ukrainian and Russian border gas infrastructure has lasted 40 years and was built in the 70s . It requires substantial upgrading . Her co-hosting will mean an increase in efficiency by about 30% . Because for every 100 km of pipeline gas accounted stations equipped with gas turbines , which seals the gas, but also consume a lot of gas at the same time , it is only through the modernization of gas turbines can be saved only in the Ukrainian section of up to 2 billion cubic meters. meters of gas. As he told Russian journalists , "Gazprom" it could sell an additional amount and increase their revenues . Therefore, some politicians in Berlin would like to revisit the idea is not new tripartite participation in the modernization of the Ukrainian ( and possibly Russian ) gas transmission system.
For "Gazprom" is a situation where he would have to give up trying to find a roundabout way to transport its gas to Europe and to cooperate with Kiev to retain Europe as consumer of Russian gas.
World media monitoring