Balkhash, Aktau and Kurchatov (East-Kazakhstan oblast) are being considered as likely locations for construction of nuclear plants in Kazakhstan, Tengrinews.kz reports citing Kazakhstan National Nuclear Center.
The areas of possible construction of the nuclear plants were defined considering the oblast’s energy consumption and development of power networks in the region. “Construction of the nuclear plants as the key points of the energy networks close to big cities (at Balkhash lake, in Kurchatov) is preferable as it is practical to create the core generating capacities based on unified nuclear power station blocks with the unit capacity of up to 600 MW to be increased to 1,000 MW after modernization of Kazakhstan’s energy system,” the experts said and added that a power plant could also be built in Aktau, but the capacity of its energy blocks should not exceed 300 MW.
The researchers also named several countries that were expected to take part in the international tender for construction of the nuclear power station in Kazakhstan. “Relying on the global experience of the nuclear energy development and considering the fact that it is based on the light-water reactors (80 percent of the existing energy blocks), it is practical to develop nuclear energy in Kazakhstan on the basis of LWR-type reactors of II and III+ generation. There are not many such projects in the world and not many countries have them: Japan, the U.S., South Korea and the EU,” the experts said.
According to the forecasts, the power energy deficit will be faced by Kazakhstan in general and by several of its regions in particular starting from 2015. The required cumulative capacity of the new plants to eliminate the deficiency will make around 6,600 MW by 2030.
Earlier head of the Nuclear Energy Institute of Kazakhstan National Nuclear Center stated that Kazakhstan may become a leader by export of energy among CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States) countries in the post soviet space after switching to nuclear energy.
Yergazy Kenzhin thinks that nuclear power stations are feasible as basic energy sources that could become a “core” for the whole energy system of Kazakhstan.a