July 2016

All Not Quiet on NATO’s Eastern Front

By ANDREW MICHTA

The last NATO summit, in Wales in 2014, was defined by the recognition that with Russia having just seized Crimea and expanded war into Ukraine, the post–Cold War security regime in Europe was effectively being dismantled. Moscow was redrawing borders in Eastern Europe while accelerating its military modernization and pushing for a sphere of privileged interest along its periphery. Since then, the Baltic states, Poland, and Romania have called for NATO to return the alliance to its traditional collective territorial defense function, asking that permanent U.S. bases be established on their territories as a means to strengthen deterrence.

Azerbaijan and the Four Day War: Breaking the Karabakh Deadlock

By Murad Gassanly

More than two months have now passed since the worst outbreak of hostilities between Armenia and Azerbaijan in the Nagorno Karabakh region in over 20 years. The fighting erupted on April 2nd and continued until the ceasefire agreement was signed by the Chiefs of Staff of Armenia and Azerbaijan at a meeting in Moscow on April 5th, after an intense Russian-led mediation effort. The Four Day War, as it came to be known, claimed over a hundred lives (although the casualty figures are still being disputed) and raised fears of a wider military conflict in the region (1, 2). Indeed, in an interview with Bloomberg on April 24th, Armenian President Serzh Sargsyan went as far as to claim that a full-scale war could “break out at any moment”.

Manifest Discussed by Leading Experts

 From the hydrogen bomb to anthrax, anything that could threaten the peaceful co-existence of humanity, was discussed June 20 at the international conference devoted to the Manifest “The World. The 21st Century.” Leading experts on nuclear safety, supported by the International Science and Technology Centre (ISTC), met in the Library of the First President.