October 2013

Prime Minister: Lithuania will need new referendum on nuclear power plant

"The referendum was held (a year ago) on the construction of a nuclear power plant and a specific project, with estimates provided as to how much that facility should cost to Lithuania. You've probably heard that its cost is already markedly lower than that estimated by the previous government. But I think that another referendum will be needed and we'll have to ask people for their opinion," he said on Žinių Radijas.

Transnistria: Time to Make a Choice

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By Pavel Kandel, Ph.D., Head of Department, RAS Institute of Europe

Everyone knows how it feels to deal with a suitcase without a handle: you can’t carry it and you can’t drop it. In a way, this conveys the attitude toward Transnistria of most actors interested in settling this long-standing conflict, including the two sides (Chisinau and Tiraspol), mediators (Russia, Ukraine and the OSCE) and observers (the U.S. and the EU). Contemporary international politics presumes that “frozen” and similar ethno-territorial conflicts can be settled without delay. Everyone involved is supposed to pretend that this is a priority. But this abstraction has little to do with reality. The first and overriding concern of the leaders of the dominant political forces and parties to the conflict is to maintain the stability of their own positions of power and their current governments. External actors are pursuing their own geo-political and geo-economic interests, both genuine and fake. Since both Transnistria and Moldova, due to their small size and socio-economic underdevelopment, are of little value to these actors, only rivalry between the outsider players incentivizes conflict resolution. 

FIGHT FOR BTA BANK

By Alina Kantor

Detection and suppression of clandestine billionaires gray eminences of the criminal world , offers hope that the EU will no longer serve as a safe haven for dubious capital. One recent example of a successful response to criminal oligarchy - the capture of the fugitive banker Mukhtar Ablyazov to rob his own bank in Kazakhstan and its subsidiaries in Russia and Ukraine. And appropriated by various estimates from 5 to 6 billion.

Has China Shanghaied Central Asia?

In the run up to the 13th Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) summit last month, Chinese President Xi Jinping visited four Central Asian countries to discuss bilateral cooperation initiatives. The political and financial value of the agreements he reached reflect China’s growing influence in the region, primarily at Russia’s expense.

Integrational Pragmatism

By Nikolay Pakhomov

The worst, the better – this is what, probably, can be said when analyzing the hysteria which has been raised for the last several weeks in European, and especially, American newspapers regarding hardening of the Russian line towards the states willing to join the European Union. The more clearly Moscow imagines russophobic attitudes of a significant segment of Western elites, the more rational, cold and efficient shall be Russian foreign policy within post-Soviet space.

Approaches to Conflict Resolution in the OSCE Area (2013)

By Raimonds Rublovskis

Launched in 2012 at the initiative of the Secretary General Lamberto Zannier, the OSCE Security Days is the forum for dialogue on the current and future role of the OSCE as a security organization. Another Security Days event was dedicated to very important topic of current and new approaches to conflict resolution in the OSCE area. There are still number of mutually hurting frozen conflicts in the OSCE area which remain unresolved. Certainly, OSCE should further focus on conflict prevention, conflict management and conflict resolution issues. Protracted conflicts in Moldova, Georgia and Nagorno-Karabakh have deep negative impact not only to parties involved but also for wider international community and , therefore, these conflicts should remain high on international security agenda.

Kirgizia: Gas Is Sold

On October 8th the Prime Minister of Kirgizia Zhantoro Satybaldiyev reported that the issue of Kyrgyzgaz OJS sale is resolved, it’s left only to pass ratification of the agreement in the Parliaments of Kirgizia and Russia -  the Supreme Council (SC) and State Duma (SD).