Every week, a selection of leading experts answer a new question from Judy Dempsey on the foreign and security policy challenges shaping Europe’s role in the world.
The prospects for implementing the Turkish Stream gas pipeline project have always been questionable. However, after the incident with the Russian warplane that has been recently shot down by the Turkish Air Force, all hopes for the project implementation came to naught.
For the second year in a row spending on research and innovation in China exceed 2% of China's GDP. Such data are contained in the statistical summary, prepared jointly by the State Statistical Office, Ministry of Science and the Ministry of Finance of the China.
Oil and gas industry are waiting for hard times: after the fall in world oil prices will face a forced reduction in production and gas industry is waiting for the decline in exports to Europe. Total gas consumption in Europe will decrease, not increase as hoped in "Gazprom". Big problems can arise when building new export routes - such as the "Nord Stream-2".
The terrorist attacks in Paris, in the center of Europe-- new benchmark for history. The point, after which the world must radically change the rules of the global behavior. Erase all border disputes and conflicts and unite against a common, the most important threat - terrorism.
This is a point of no return in Syrian crisis: Yerlan Karin about Russian warplane shot down by Turkey
On Tuesday, Turkish forces shot down a Russian Su-24 fighter jet near the Syrian border, claiming that they had repeatedly warned the plane about airspace violation. However, Russia insists that it received no warning, did not violate Turkey's airspace and was hit by the missile while flying over Syria.
President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan said on Wednesday that Turkey did not want any escalation after it shot down a Russian warplane near the Syrian border, saying it had simply acted to defend its own security and the "rights of our brothers" in Syria, as Turkey's foreign minister phoned his Russian counterpart to discuss the incident.
The main condition for intensive development of the Turkmen economy is to draw foreign capital in oil and gas industry and modern technologies for the development of hydrocarbon resources, especially in the Caspian Sea.
Should the Republic of Montenegro be invited to join the North Atlantic Treaty Organization? That question has now been posed and the Alliance is expected to answer it sometime later this year.
Omirtai Bitimov has served as Kazakh Ambassador in Afghanistan since June 2011. He is a career diplomat and a veteran of the national security service, having served as head of Kazakhstan’s foreign intelligence.